Relay Trainer

Front Panel Usage Guide

Introduction
History
Design Relays
Circuit Design
Architecture
Conditional Logic
Semiconductors
Instruction Set
Usage Keypad/Display
Serial Console
Example Programs
Software Tools
Build/Dev Log

Project page
Comments

Relay Computer Quick Usage Guide

LEDs

This diagram shows the discrete LEDs:

Display

The 8-digit data display shows to contents of the memory address shown on the 2-digit address display. If the upper 16-bits of memory contains a halt instruction (wra and wrb bits both set), then it's assumed that the memory address is being used for a data byte, so only the lower byte and the lower bytes of the next three addresses are shown. Decimal points are illuminated in this mode:

00.00.00.00     Showing data bytes of four addresses

If memory contains any other instruction, then the full 32-bit instruction is shown. Decimal points are off in this mode:

00 00 00 00     Showing instruction in a single address

Data / Address entry

Type 2 - 8 hex digits. Use key for backspace. Backspace all digits to cancel data entry mode.

Save / Restore memory to non-volatile storage

2nd DEC     Restore memory from non-volatile

2nd INC     Save memory to non-volatile (Only lower 128 addressess are saved/restored).

Modify display address

<address> ADR     Set Address

INC     Increment address

DEC     Decrement address

Write data to memory

<data> DEP     Write data (deposit) to current address

<data> INC     Write data to current address and increment address

<data> DEC     Write data to current address and decrement address

Change operating frequency

2nd 0     Speed controlled by knob

2nd 1     Slowest

...

2nd F     Fastest

The default speed is 5

Program execution

<address> STP     Set current Program Counter

STP     Single Step

<address> RUN     Set Program Counter and run

RUN     Run until halt instruction or STP key pressed

Input and output bits

There are four output bits implemented as relay flip-flops. Each of these bits is available externally as relay contacts. Both the normally open and normally closed contacts are wired to the connectors.

12V and ground are wired to external connectors also. These may be used along with the output relay contacts to control small lamps.

There are four input bits wired to connectors. It is expected that switch closures are connected to these. When a switch is closed, the input registers a '1'. When a switch is open, the input registers a '0'.

If I/O is not needed, the outputs may be connected to the inputs to produce an extra programmable register implemented with relay flip-flops.